Financial Issues Concerning the Protection of Cultural Built Heritage
The financial challenges to preserve Cultural Built Heritage (CBH) are extensive and substantial and they are not easily quantifiable. They reflect the costs and restrictions arising from protecting heritage which are above and beyond the usual costs for protection.
A clear distinction needs to be made between the possibility of above-average costs originating from a large number of historic buildings and the costs of simply having the status of Heritage Listing.
For listed buildings that are affected, they face additional financial cost even if they are generally in good condition. This extra expense (effort) results in more than just the development of conservation plans, immediate restoration measures or the adaptive re-use design for which there are specific standards and conditions that must be met. They go above and beyond the actual heritage designation.
It is precisely because owners do not exclusively benefit from conserving CBH i.e. having to bear their costs alone, that there is the danger of the CBH being only minimally protected. This too depends on the respective local government cash position which can vary tremendously from one LGA to the next. It also depends to a large extent on community attitudes.
From the standpoint of advancing heritage policy, it follows that owners and local councils be financially enabled and that the extra financial burden placed upon them as a result of the listings be recognised. Communities should assume discretionary responsibility for the extended area of heritage protection alongside other voluntary duties. In the wake of ever diminishing government spending on CBH, the shared cost burden is the only way forward. Future State and local government policy needs to be guided along such lines.
Paul Rappoport - Heritage 21 - 17 April 2014