Policy Reform

New Ways of Assessing Heritage Impact

The system we use today in NSW and Australia generally to assess heritage impact is limited and perhaps slightly old school. What is lacking is a set of parameters that incorporate a number of issues not currently assessed such as economic and social impacts as well as impacts upon property rights.

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Taxing tourism to pay for cultural built heritage

The World Bank (2010) writes that a good investment climate for tourism, underpinned by a sound tax regime, can play a central role in a government’s growth and development strategy. Yet in many countries, tax systems for the tourism sector are characterized by exemption schemes and instruments that generate little revenue and burden business. The three main issues facing policymakers dealing with tourism taxation are: fiscal incentives, sector-specific levies, and value-added tax (VAT). Such policy options are designed to encourage tourism investments while ensuring sustainable revenue collection. A good business environment for tourism is essential to support the industry’s central role in many countries’ development strategies. Investments in the sector, which has significant growth potential and can have important positive spillovers for the economy. Tourism is a complex industry of numerous subsectors. It is challenging to define exactly what constitutes a tourism product and how to tax it; tourism is not a single commodity, but rather a collection of many different goods and services provided by a wide range of suppliers.

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Investing in Local Heritage

Since the mid-1990s, the efficacy of heritage as a public good in NSW has been in steady decline. In the late 20th century, heritage enjoyed rising prominence in the public consciousness and within evolving planning frameworks at every level of government.

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Urban Heritage – Social Contract

“In the context of rapid cultural and economic globalisation, over half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas. Through rural migration, new economic opportunities and enhanced global mobilities, cities and towns have expanded dramatically resulting in challenges to their character and identity.

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Economic Benefits of Cultural Built Heritage

In 2005, Randall Mason published a discussion paper referred to as “Economics and Historic Preservation: A Guide and Review of the Literature”. It was prepared for the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program. Mason’s review emphasises the enormous benefits of cultural built heritage virtually on the basis of any metric used to assess such benefits.

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Conservation Policy – Burra Charter Draft Practice Note

Australia ICOMOS has recently defined the term ‘policy’ in its draft Practice Note (April, 2013 – Version 1). The note explains that policy is used in the singular in the Burra Charter (Articles 6, 26.2, and 27.1) and is also commonly called ‘conservation policy’.

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A National Endowment for the Arts and Culture

In a conference paper presented at the Conference on Government Support to Culture in the U.S.A. and Italy (Rome, July 3 – 4, 1984), Harold Horowitz explains that private support for cultural activities in the USA, was virtually the only support during most of the history of the country.

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Paradigm Shifts in the Heritage Movement

In an intriguing article published recently in the International Journal of Heritage Studies (2014) by Joks Janssen, Eric Luiten, Hans Renes & Jan Rouwendal, the authors maintain that from the late 1970s onwards, heritage conservation practice in most western European countries

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